Klin Onkol 2012; 25(Suppl 1): 96-98. DOI: 10.14735/amko20121S96.

Preventive oncology clinic of MMCI provides complex preventive care for women with high hereditary risk of breast and ovarian cancer due to germline mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. Clinical follow-up is also provided to women with mutations in other genes causing a higher risk of different tumors, and also to women with increased lifetime empirical risk of breast cancer due to positive family history. Our clinic was established in 2000 and takes care for about 700 women. The goal of the clinic is to extend the life expectancy of these women to the level of the regular population. The risk of breast cancer can be reduced by prophylactic surgeries. Prophylactic mastectomy and oophorectomy are offered to women at a high risk. Other modality in breast cancer risk reduction is a chemoprevention by Tamoxifen. Most women accept only secondary prevention with the goal of the detection of breast cancer in clinical stage I, where the tumor is smaller than 1 cm and the risk of recurrence is less than 10%. The algorithm of prevention care was changed over the time and our diagnostic methods were improved by magnetic resonance imaging of breasts. During the 11 years of clinical follow-up 32 breast cancers in 31 women were detected. High risk women are examined every 6 month by physical examination, breast ultrasound and MRI plus mammography yearly.


Full text in PDF