Klin Onkol 2011; 24(2): 133-136. DOI: 10.14735/amko2011133.

Backgrounds: Angiomyofibroblastoma (AMFB) is a rare histopathologic finding of the female lower genital tract. This tumor belongs to the group of mesenchymal tumors. Mesenchymal neoplasms of the modified genital skin and mucosa are uncommon. The majority of these lesions are seen in females and, collectively, they form a family of vulvovaginal soft tissue tumors. This family includes fibroepithelial stromal polyps, angiomyofibroblastoma, cellular angiofibroma, aggressive angiomyxoma, vaginocervical myofibroblastoma, vulvar leiomyomatosis, and other smooth muscle tumors. Angiomyofibroblastoma is a benign tumor, histologically very similar to pelvic aggressive angiomyxoma (AMM), a distinctive, locally infiltrative but non-metastasizing mesenchymal neoplasm with a tendency to occur in the female pelvic and perineal regions. Case: 44 years old woman with angiomyofibroblastoma of cervix uteri. Conclusion: A recognition of this entity is important to avoid misdiagnosis of other angiomyxoid neoplasms. Furthermore, unlike other, more aggressive, mesenchymal tumors of the lower genital tract, AMFB shows benign behaviour.


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