Klin Onkol 2012; 25(2): 117-123. DOI: 10.14735/amko2012117.

Backgrounds: Pancreatic cancer is an aggressive malignant disease with increasing incidence. Radical resection, the only potentially curative method, is possible in only 20–30% of patients. The main symptoms of advanced non-resectable pancreatic head tumors include obstructive jaundice, caused by stenosis of distal common bile duct, duodenal obstruction and pain, especially in the epigastric region and back. The aim of palliative treatment is to relieve these complaints. This paper evaluates our own palliative surgical treatment results in patients with pancreatic head and periampullary region cancer. Patients and Methods: This study included all patients with pancreatic head and periampullary region cancer who underwent surgery at the Department of Surgery, University Hospital in Hradec Kralove from 1st January 2006 to 31st December 2010. The aim of the surgery in all patients was to resect the tumor. Palliative surgical procedure was performed in patients witn an inoperable tumor. We performed gastro-entero anastomosis in all the patients. When perioperative situation allowed, hepatico-jejuno anastomosis was performed in patients with obstructive jaundice. Surgical splanchnicectomy was performed in patients with back pain. Results: Over five years, we performed a surgery in 94 patients for malignant disease of pancreas and periampullary region. Radical resection was performed in 45 patients. Palliative bypass procedure was performed in 42 patients. Exploration only was performed in 7 patients. Postoperative complications after palliative bypass procedures were noted in 15 patients (30.6%), the majority of these complications were minor. Conclusion: The advantage of surgical hepatico-jejuno anastomosis over endoscopically placed stent is particulary in superior long-term patency. Therefore, it is advisable to perform these procedures in patients with longer expected survival. Morbidity associated with palliative surgical procedures was relatively low and there was no mortality.


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