The Cost Study of First- line Treatment of Metastatic Colorectal Carcinoma with Bevacizumab- containing Regimen in the Czech Republic


Klin Onkol 2014; 27(4): 255-260. DOI: 10.14735/amko2014255.


Background: Bevacizumab, a humanized monoclonal IgG antibody against the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), is reimbursed in combination with chemotherapy for the fi rst and subsequent-line treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) in the Czech Republic. However, its high cost is a potentially limiting factor. We assessed the cost of bevacizumab in the treatment of mCRC in a comprehensive cancer center. Patients and Methods: A total of 218 patients were included in our analysis. Cost data (examination, medication, hospitalization) were collected since the initiation of bevacizumab treatment to any tumor response (RECIST criteria: complete response – CR, partial response – PR, stable disease – SD, progressive disease – PD) and/ or to death. Minimal follow-up for all patients was 28 months. Costs were valued in Czech crowns (CZK) and converted to EUR (1€ = 25.14 CZK). Results: PD was recorded in 194 patients (89% of patients). The mean cost of treatment to PD (median TTP 9.1 months) was 1,002,076.30 CZK (39,859.84 EUR). The majority of costs to PD was made by medication – 917,048.60 CZK (36,477.67 EUR) per patient. The mean cost to response PR, CR or SD was 1,105,823.10 CZK (43,986.60 EUR) after median 9.8 months of treatment (recorded for 21 patients), medication formed 1,023,827.70 CZK (40,725.05 EUR). During the study, 170 patients (78%) died. The mean of the total costs since initiation of treatment to death (median OS 18.8 months) was 1,338,874.20 CZK (53,256.70 EUR) – out of that, medication was 1,184,251.10 CZK (47,106.25 EUR) per patient. Conclusion: Targeted biological therapy is the largest part of the costs of mCRC therapy. Cost of bevacizumab made up to 69% of costs to PD – 687,608.20 CZK ( 27,351.20 EUR ) per patient. The majority of the total cost was formed by targeted drug therapy (bevacizumab in 1st line therapy, cetuximab and panitumumab in 2nd and 3rd line therapy); 58% of total costs since initiation of treatment to death – 778,233.80 CZK (30,956 EUR) per patient.

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