Klin Onkol 2022; 35(6): 454-460. DOI: 10.48095/ccko2022454.

Background: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) offers potentially curative therapy for numerous malignant and nonmalignant diseases. The number of survivors and length of follow-up after successful HSCT is continually increasing. HSCT can induce damage of various organs and tissues – from minimal potentially progressive subclinical changes to life-threatening conditions. The aim of this thesis was to assess the prognostic value of high sensitive cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) testing and early identification of patients at high risk of a cardiac event after allogeneic HSCT. Patients and methods: Sixty-three patients with the median age of 37 years at the time of allogeneic HSCT for hematologic diseases were studied. Cardiac bio­markers were serially measured before conditioning regimen and at days 1, 14 and 30 after HSCT. Cardiac systolic and diastolic functions were assessed before the conditioning regimen and 1 month after HSCT by echocardiography. Results: The differences in plasma NT-proBNP and hs-cTnT concentrations during the 30 days following HSCT were statistically significant (P < 0.001 vs. P = 0.02). Seven of 63 patients (11.1 %) developed a cardiac event defined as cardiovascular dys­rhythmias, pericarditis with cardiac tamponade and heart failure. By multivariate analysis, the strongest prognostic factor of cardiac event was an increased level of hs-cTnT and NT-proBNP persisted for a period of 14 days after HSCT (P < 0.0001). The area under the curve from hs-cTnT testing plus NT-proBNP testing together (AUC = 0.95) was superior to each dia­gnostic modality alone. Conclusion: Measurements of plasma NT-proBNP and hs-cTnT concentrations might be a useful tool for identification of high-risk patients requiring further cardiological follow up. Measurement of hs-cTnT plus NT-proBNP together was superior to hs-cTnT and NT-proBNP measurements alone.


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