Background: Here, we present a review of the revised FIGO (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) staging system for carcinoma of the cervix uteri, explaining the reasons for the changes and summarizing suitable diagnostic methods and treatment options for particular stages of disease according to current guidelines. Aim: The FIGO staging system has been revised as follows. Measurement of lateral extension has been removed from stage IA; the only criterion is a measurement for the deepest invasion of < 5.0 mm. Stage IB has been divided into three subgroups: IB1, tumors with a largest diameter measuring ≥ 5 mm and < 2 cm; IB2, tumors measuring 2–4 cm; IB3, tumors measuring ≥ 4 cm. Stage IIIC includes an assessment of retroperitoneal lymph nodes: IIIC1 if only pelvic lymph nodes are involved, and IIIC2 if para-aortic nodes are infiltrated. The revised staging system does not mandate the use of a specific imaging method or surgical assessment of the extent of the tumor. The method used to assign a stage should be recorded and reported. The European Society of Gynaecological Oncology, the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology, and the European Society of Pathology have developed clinically relevant and evidence-based guidelines to improve the quality of care for women with cervical cancer. These guidelines cover comprehensive staging, management, and follow-up for patients with cervical cancer. The guidelines are intended for use by gynaecologic oncologists, general gynaecologists, surgeons, radiation oncologists, pathologists, clinical oncologists, radiologists, general practitioners, palliative care experts, and other health professionals. Conclusion: We summarize the new FIGO classification system, including diagnostic methods and treatments for particular stages. We also discuss the main changes and their clinical impact.