Background: Ovarian cancer is a disease with high mortality. Approximately 1,000 women are diagnosed with ovarian cancer in the Czech Republic annually. Women harboring a mutation in cancer-predisposing genes face an increased risk of tumor development. Mutations in BRCA1, BRCA2, BRIP1, and Lynch syndrome genes (RAD51C, RAD51D, and STK11) are associated with a high risk of ovarian cancer, and mutations in ATM, CHEK2, NBN, PALB2, and BARD1 appear to increase the risk. Our aim was to examine the frequency of mutations in cancer-predisposing genes in the Czech Republic. Materials and methods: We analyzed 1,057 individuals including ovarian cancer patients and 617 non-cancer controls using CZECANCA panel next-generation sequencing on the Illumina platform. Pathogenic mutations in high-risk genes, including CNVs, were detected in 30.6% of patients. The mutation frequency reached 25.0% and 18.2% in subgroups of unselected ovarian cancer patients and patients with a negative family cancer history, respectively. The most frequently mutated genes were BRCA1 and BRCA2. The overall frequency of mutations in non-BRCA genes was comparable to that in BRCA2. The mutation frequency in ovarian cancer patients aged >70 years was three times higher than that in patients diagnosed before the age of 30. Conclusion: Ovarian cancer is a heterogeneous disease with a high proportion of hereditary cases. The lack of efficient screening for early diagnosis emphasizes the importance of identifying carriers of mutations in ovarian cancer-predisposing genes; this is because proper follow-up and prevention strategies can reduce overall ovarian cancer-related mortality.
Contribution of Massive Parallel Sequencing to Diagnosis of Hereditary Ovarian Cancer in the Czech Republic
- Authors: RNDr. Jana Soukupová, CSc.; Mgr. Klára Lhotová; Mgr. Petra Zemánková, Ph.D.; MUDr. Michal Vočka; RNDr. Markéta Janatová, Ph.D.; Mgr. Lenka Stolařová; Mgr. Marianna Borecká; MUDr. Petra Kleiblová, Ph.D.; RNDr. Eva Macháčková, Ph.D.; Doc.MUDr. Lenka Foretová , Ph.D.; MUDr. Monika Koudová, Ph.D.; Mgr. Filip Lhota; Mgr. Spiros Tavandzis; Prof. MUDr. Michal Zikán, Ph.D.; Mgr. Viktor Stránecký; MUDr. Kamila Veselá, Ph.D.; MUDr. Aleš Panczak, CSc.; MUDr. Jaroslav Kotlas; Prof. MUDr. Zdeněk Kleibl, Ph.D.