Background: Ubiquitination is a vital posttranslational protein modification involved in the regulation of many eukaryotic signalling pathways. Aberrant ubiquitin signalling is known to be a molecular causality of certain cancer, neurodegenerative, immune system or cardiovascular diseases. The recent development of mass spectrometry methods enables qualitative and quantitative ubiquitination analysis in biological material from cancer patients. Research of ubiquitination may clarify the molecular cause of aberrant changes in the protein level of tumour suppressors or oncogenes. Purpose: We aim to explain the meaning and importance of ubiquitination in certain molecular processes taking place in the human body. We hereby emphasise the connection between ubiquitination and malignant processes. A literature search is followed by introducing our mass spectrometry platform intended for ubiquitin identification via diglycyl remnants in the CHIP protein sequence. The aim is to introduce tandem mass spectrometry identification of ubiquitin modification, ubiquitination tandem mass spectra validation and the time-dependent manner of CHIP ubiquitination to the reader. Conclusion: A literature search familiarises the reader with known mechanisms of aberrant ubiquitination in malignant diseases. A successfully optimised mass spectrometry platform could serve as a potent tool for determining ubiquitin position in proteins that are a part of real tumour samples.