BCL11A gene status and prediction of survival in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) treated with anthracycline-based adjuvant chemotherapy

Konference: 2015 40th Congress ESMO a 18th ECCO - účast ČR

Kategorie: Zhoubné nádory prsu

Téma: Postery

Číslo abstraktu: P272/265

Autoři: MUDr. Kateřina Bouchalová (Špačková), Ph.D.; Doc. MUDr. Marek Svoboda, Ph.D.; MUDr. Gvantsa Kharaishvili; Mgr. Jana Vrbková, Ph.D.; Ing. Rastislav Slavkovský, Ph.D.; Mgr. Jan Bouchal; MUDr. Jiří Navrátil; MUDr. Vladimíra Koudeláková (Palková); RNDr. Radek Trojanec, Ph.D.; MUDr. Karel Cwiertka, Ph.D.; doc. MUDr. Marián Hajdúch, Ph.D.; prof. MUDr. Zdeněk Kolář, CSc.

Background: TNBC is aggressive, the prognosis is poor and patients cannot benefit from targeted treatment. Moreover, validated predictors for chemotherapy sensitivity are not available for TNBC. BCL2 protein was found as an independent predictor of outcome in basal-like TNBC treated with adjuvant anthracycline-based chemotherapy (Bouchalova et al., Tumor Biology 2015). BCL11A transcription factor has been recently described as an oncogene in TNBC with critical functions in stem and progenitor cells and amplified in up to 38% of basal-like breast cancer. BCL11A deletion caused a reduction in the number of mammary epithelial stem and progenitor cells (Khaled et al., Nature Communications 2015). The objective of this study was to determine whether BCL11A status predicts outcome in TNBC patients treated with adjuvant anthracycline-based regimens.

Material and Methods: Fresh-frozen tumor tissues were collected from 148 patients with TNBC stage I-III (123 out of them were treated by anthracycline-based adjuvant chemotherapy). Genomes of these samples were profiled by Affymetrix SNP6.0 arrays. Arrays were normalized using Aroma and GISTIC 2.0 was used to identify copy number changes. Survival data were analyzed with software R.

Results: Segments with BCL11A locus were amplified in 16 (11.6%), normal status was found in 99 (71.7%), and deletion in 23 (16.7%) patiens. Survival analysis revealed that TNBC patients with BCL11A deletion treated with anthracycline-based chemotherapy had worse outcome (breast cancer specific survival, BCSS, logrank p=0.017; relapse free survival, RFS, logrank p=0.021) than those with normal or amplified status. Multivariate analysis found BCL11A as an independent predictor of BCSS (logrank p=0.040, hazard ratio, HR 2.46, 95%CI 1.04–5.83; likelihood ratio test for the whole model p=0.0199), and RFS (logrank p=0.036, hazard ratio, HR 2.50, 95%CI 1.05–5.96, likelihood ratio test for the whole model p=0.058) in TNBC treated with anthracycline-based adjuvant chemotherapy. The initial model included BCL11A status, age, tumor size, nodal status, and histopathological grade as variables.

Conclusion: This is the first study showing BCL11A copy number status as independent predictor of outcome in TNBC treated with anthracycline-based chemotherapy. BCL11A copy number status could facilitate decision making on adjuvant therapy. The data should be validated by prospective study and underlying mechanisms could be revealed by further research. In patients with BCL11A deletion other types of adjuvant therapy should be considered.

Grants: IGA NT14599–32013, National Sustainability Programme (LO1304), and Czech Technology Agency (TE02000058).

No conflict of interest.

Keywords:
Triple-negative breast cancer
BCL11A
anthracycline-based adjuvant chemotherapy
 

Datum přednesení příspěvku: 28. 9. 2015