Ixazomib, an Investigational Oral Proteasome Inhibitor (PI), in Combination with Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone (IRd), Significantly Extends Progression-Free Survival (PFS) for Patients (Pts) with Relapsed and/or Refractory Multiple Myeloma (RRMM): The Phase 3 Tourmaline-MM1 Study (NCT01564537)

Konference: 2015 57th ASH Annual Meeting - účast ČR

Kategorie: Mnohočetný myelom

Téma: 653. Myeloma: Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Next Generation Agents, Novel Combinations, and Amyloidosis

Číslo abstraktu: 727

Autoři: Prof. MD Philippe Moreau; MD Tamas Masszi, PhD; MD Norbert Grzasko, PhD; MD Nizar J. Bahlis; Markus Hansson; Doc.MUDr. Luděk Pour, Ph.D.; MD Irwindeep Sandhu, FRCP; Dr. Peter Ganly; Bartrum W. Baker, MBChB, FRACP, FRCPA; Dr. Sharon Jackson, MBChB, FRACP, FRCPA; MD Anne Marie Stoppa; M.D. David Simpson, FRACP, FRCPA, MBChB; MD Peter Gimsing, DMSci; MD Antonio P. Palumbo; MD Laurent Garderet; MD Michele Cavo; M.D. Shaji Kumar; MD Cyrille Touzeau; M.D. Francis K. Buadi; M.D. Jacob P. Laubach; Jianchang Lin, Ph.D.; Deborah Berg, RN, MSN; Alessandra DiBacco; MD Ai-Min Hui, Ph.D.; MD Paul Gerard Guy Richardson

Background

Ixazomib is the first orally administered PI studied in the clinic. The feasibility of combining ixazomib weekly and lenalidomide-dexamethasone (Rd) in the first all-oral PI- and immunomodulatory drug-containing triplet regimen was evaluated in a phase 1/2 trial of 65 pts with newly diagnosed MM. Results indicated a 90% ORR (62% ≥VGPR) using ixazomib 4 mg (recommended phase 2/3 dose), with a manageable safety profile, including 14% gr ≥3 skin/subcutaneous tissue disorders and limited (4% gr 3) peripheral neuropathy (PN) (Kumar et al, Lancet Oncol2014). These data provided the rationale for phase 3 investigation of IRd vs placebo-Rd in pts with RRMM in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, international, multicenter study.

Methods

Adults with RRMM after 1–3 prior lines of therapy who were not refractory to prior lenalidomide or PI-based therapy were randomized 1:1 to receive ixazomib 4 mg or matching placebo weekly on d 1, 8, and 15, plus lenalidomide 25 mg PO on d 1–21 (dose reduced for renal impairment per local label/practice) and dexamethasone 40 mg PO on d 1, 8, 15, and 22, in 28-d cycles. Randomization was stratified by number of prior therapies (1 vs 2/3), PI exposure (naïve vs exposed), and ISS disease stage (I/II vs III). Cycles were repeated until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Primary endpoint was PFS as assessed by an independent review committee blinded to treatment, per IMWG criteria. Key secondary endpoints were OS and OS in high-risk pts with del(17). Sample size was determined to provide 80% power for the OS endpoint and adequate power to test PFS. Three interim analyses (IAs) and a final analysis were planned to test PFS and OS; here, we report data from the first IA, the final analysis for PFS.

Results

722 pts were randomized (360 IRd; 362 Rd). Baseline characteristics were balanced between groups; overall median age was 66 yrs (30–91), 70% were PI-exposed, 88% were ISS stage I/II, 59% had received 1 prior therapy, and 77%/11%/11% were relapsed/refractory/relapsed and refractory, with 6% primary refractory. Based primarily (97%) on central laboratory evaluation, 19% had high-risk cytogenetics by FISH (del(17), t(4;14), or t(14;16)), including 10% del(17). Prior therapies included 69% bortezomib, 45% thalidomide, and 12% lenalidomide. The study met the primary endpoint at the first IA (median follow-up 14.8 vs 14.6 mos with IRd vs Rd), demonstrating a 35% improvement in PFS with IRd vs Rd (HR 0.742; p=0.012; Table). In pts with high-risk cytogenetics, the PFS HR was 0.543 with IRd vs Rd (HR 0.596 in pts with del(17)), with a median PFS similar to the overall IRd group, indicating ixazomib may overcome the negative impact of cytogenetic alterations. OS data were not yet mature. Key response data are shown in the Table. Pts received a median of 13 (1–26) vs 12 (1–25) cycles of IRd vs Rd; 55% and 52% of pts remained on treatment. With IRd vs Rd, 68% vs 61% of pts had gr ≥3 AEs (driven by thrombocytopenia), 40% vs 44% had serious AEs, 13% vs 11% discontinued all study drugs due to AEs, and 3% vs 5% died on treatment. AEs observed with IRd were consistent with reported safety profiles for the individual agents. Common gr ≥3 AEs were neutropenia (19% vs 16%), anemia (9% vs 13%), thrombocytopenia (13% vs 5%), and pneumonia (6% vs 8%). Gastrointestinal events included 42% vs 36% diarrhea (6% vs 2% gr 3), 26% vs 21% nausea (2% vs 0% gr 3), and 22% vs 11% vomiting (1% vs <1% gr 3). PN rates were 28% vs 21% (2% vs 2% gr 3), 35% vs 21% had rash events (4% vs 1% gr 3), 4% vs 6% had renal failure (2% vs 3% gr ≥3), and 4% vs 3% had heart failure (2% vs 2% gr ≥3).

Conclusion

At this first prespecified IA, addition of ixazomib to Rd in pts with RRMM increased median PFS to 20.6 from 14.7 mos without a substantial increase in overall toxicity, including cardiac and PN toxicity. Benefit with IRd was also noted in pts with high-risk cytogenetics, including those with del(17), in whom median PFS was similar to all IRd-treated pts indicating that ixazomib may have a favorable impact on the adverse prognosis associated with genetic mutations. If approved, this all-oral combination of IRd may become a new standard of care in this setting.

Table. Key efficacy data

 

IRd

Rd

HR / OR

Median PFS, mos

20.6

14.7

HR 0.742; 95% CI: 0.587–0.939; p=0.012

Confirmed ORR, %

78.3

71.5

OR 1.44; p=0.035

CR

11.7

6.6

OR 1.87; p=0.019

≥VGPR

48.1

39.0

OR 1.45; p=0.014

Median time to first response (ITT analysis), mos

1.1

1.9

 

Median duration of response (≥PR), mos

20.5

15.0

 

 

Disclosures: Moreau: Bristol-Myers Squibb: Honoraria , Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees ; Celgene: Honoraria , Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees ;Millennium: Honoraria , Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees ; Janssen-Cilag:Honoraria , Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees ; Novartis: Honoraria , Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees . Off Label Use: Investigational proteasome inhibitor ixazomib in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone for patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma. Masszi: Janssen-Cilag: Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees ;Novartis: Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees ; Takeda: Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees ; BMS: Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees . Bahlis: Johnson & Johnson: Speakers Bureau ; Johnson & Johnson: Consultancy ; Amgen:Consultancy ; Johnson & Johnson: Research Funding ; Celgene: Consultancy , Honoraria , Research Funding , Speakers Bureau . Sandhu: Amgen: Consultancy , Honoraria ; Celgene: Consultancy , Honoraria ; Janssen:Consultancy , Honoraria ; Novartis: Consultancy , Honoraria . Ganly: Novartis: Honoraria ; Roche: Honoraria ;Medipics: Equity Ownership . Baker: Janssen-Cilag New Zealand: Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees . Stoppa: Novartis: Consultancy , Honoraria ; Amgen: Consultancy , Honoraria ; Celgene:Consultancy , Honoraria . Simpson: Celgene: Honoraria ; Janssen-Cilag: Honoraria ; Onyx Pharmaceuticals:Research Funding ; Roche: Honoraria . Gimsing: Amgen: Honoraria . Palumbo: Celgene, Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Amgen, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Genmab, Janssen-Cilag, Onyx Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy , Honoraria ; Novartis, Sanofi Aventis: Honoraria . Garderet: Bristol-Myers Squibb: Consultancy . Cavo: Janssen-Cilag, Celgene, Amgen, BMS: Honoraria . Kumar: AbbVie: Research Funding ; Janssen: Research Funding ;Celgene: Research Funding ; Sanofi: Research Funding ; Onyx: Research Funding ; Celgene, Millenium, Sanofi, Skyline, BMS, Onyx, Noxxon,: Other: Consultant, no compensation, ; Skyline, Noxxon: Honoraria ;Millenium/Takeda: Research Funding . Touzeau: AbbVie: Research Funding . Laubach: Novartis: Research Funding ; Onyx: Research Funding ; Celgene: Research Funding ; Millennium: Research Funding . Lin: Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment . Berg: Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment . DiBacco: Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Employment . Hui: Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Cambridge, MA, USA, a wholly owned subsidiary of Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited: Employment . Richardson: Millennium Takeda:Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees ; Jazz Pharmaceuticals: Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees , Research Funding ; Novartis: Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees ; Gentium S.p.A.: Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees , Research Funding ; Celgene Corporation: Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees .

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Datum přednesení příspěvku: 7. 12. 2015