Konference: 2012 37th Congress ESMO – účast ČR
Kategorie: Genitourinární nádory
Téma: Poster, Poster presentation III
Číslo abstraktu: 783O
Autoři: Prof. MD Alain Ravaud, PhD; Prof. MD Carlos Henrique Barrios; Ozlem Anak; Diana Pelov; Anne-Laure Louveau; MD Boris Alekseev; T. M-H; Dr. Sanjiv S. Agarwala; Prof.Dr. Suayib Yalcin; prof. MUDr. Bohuslav Melichar, Ph.D.
Study results demonstrated that IFN augments BEV activity and improves median PFS in pts with mRCC. Thus, combination BEV + IFN is a standard first-line treatment option for mRCC. Combining BEV with the mTOR inhibitor EVE may be an efficacious and well-tolerated treatment option. The open-label, phase II RECORD-2 trial compared first-line EVE + BEV and IFN + BEV in mRCC. Patients and methods: Therapy-naive pts with clear cell mRCC and prior nephrectomy were randomized 1:1 to BEV 10 mg/kg IV every 2 weeks with either EVE 10 mg oral daily or IFN (9 MIU SC 3 times/week, if tolerated). Tumour assessments were every 12 weeks. Primary objective was treatment effect on progression-free survival (PFS) per central review based on an estimate of the chance of a subsequent phase III trial success (50% threshold for phase II success).
In EVE + BEV (n = 182) and IFN + BEV (n = 183) arms, median age was 60/60 years, 76/72% of pts were men, MSKCC risk was favourable/intermediate/poor in 36/57/7% and 36/57/7% of pts, and 43/46% of pts had >2 organs involved, respectively. For EVE + BEV and IFN + BEV, median treatment duration was 8.5/8.3 months, respectively; 23/26% of pts discontinued due to AEs. In EVE + BEV and IFN + BEV arms, median PFS by central review was 9.3/10.0 months (HRIFN/EVE, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.69-1.19; P =0.485), respectively; probability of subsequent phase III success was 5.1%. Results of central and local PFS analysis were consistent. Objective response rate was 27/28% in EVE + BEV and IFN + BEV arms, respectively. Median overall survival (OS) was not reached in the EVE + BEV arm and was 25.9 months (95% CI: 21.1, 30.2) in the IFN + BEV arm. Most frequent AEs (%) were stomatitis (63), proteinuria (49), diarrhoea (39), hypertension (38), and epistaxis (35) in EVE + BEV arm and decreased appetite (45), fatigue (41), proteinuria (37), and pyrexia (35) in IFN + BEV arm.
In RECORD-2, PFS and tolerability were similar for first-line EVE + BEV and IFN + BEV. Final OS analysis will occur after 2-year follow-up.
A. Ravaud: Alain Ravaud is a member of global, European, and/or French boards on urological tumors for Pfizer, Novartis, GlaxoSmithKline, Bayer-Schering, and Dendreon, and has received institutional grant support from Pfizer, Novartis, and Roche.
Ö. Anak: Ozlem Anak is an employee of Novartis Pharma AG.
D. Pelov: Diana Pelov is an employee of Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation.
A. Louveau: Anne-Laure Louveau is an employee of Novartis Pharma S.A.S.
T. M-H: Tay M-H is a speaker for an advisory board for Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation.
B. Melichar: Bohuslav Melichar has received honoraria from Novartis and Roche and served on an advisory board for Roche.
All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.
Datum přednesení příspěvku: 1. 10. 2012