A Limited Impact of Chemotherapy on Prolonged Survival in Myelodysplasia (MDS). An Analysis of 142 Patients with Advanced Disease.

Konference: 2006 48th ASH Annual Meeting - účast ČR

Kategorie: Myelodysplastický syndrom

Téma: Poster session: Myelodysplastic Syndromes: Treatment

Číslo abstraktu: 2677

Autoři: prof. MUDr. Jaroslav Čermák, CSc.; MUDr. Antonín Vítek; Marcela Lukášová; prof. MUDr. Petr Cetkovský, Ph.D.; prof. MUDr. Pavel Klener, DrSc.

The influence of different clinical and laboratory parameters and various therapeutic approaches on the survival was retrospectively studied in a group of 142 adult patients with advanced forms of primary MDS: RAEB with > 10% blasts or RAEB-T. Univariate statistical analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank2 test. Independent variables for determining survival were studied using proportional hazards regression multivariate analysis. Median survival, estimated 1 year (ES1y) and 3 year (ES3y) survival of patients stratified according to different treatment modalities are shown in the table.

Median survival and estimated 1 and 3 year survival of patients stratified according to different treatment approaches

Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) regardless to the number of bone marrow blasts at the time of conditioning or to whether the patients received combination chemotherapy prior SCT or not was the most significant parameter affecting survival in univariate analysis (x2=46,3,P<0.00001). However, achievement of complete (CR) or partial (PR) remission (according to Cheson criteria) after combination or low-dose chemotherapy had also a significant impact on survival, whether followed by SCT (x2=31.9, P<0.0001) or not (x2=27,8, P=0.0001). Treatment by combination chemotherapy itself (x2=13,7, P=0.001) and age < 55 years (x2=13,4, P=0.001) were also parameters with significant beneficial impact on survival. A multivariate analysis revealed SCT as the only independent variable determining survival in the whole group of patients (x2=44,4, P=0.00001), SCT performed in CR/PR was a significant variable affecting survival in patients < 55 years (x2=3,9,P=0.04). In non-transplanted patients, only achievement of CR or PR had a significant impact on survival (x2=16,4, P=0.001). Our results confirm previous data showing only limited benefit of combination chemotherapy in patients with advanced MDS. Despite a significant impact on survival compared to single agent therapy or supportive care (P=0.005), combination chemotherapy not followed by SCT had only minimal effect on prolonged survival that was not different from treatment with low-dose chemotherapy (P=0.4) even in patients who achieved CR or PR (estimated 3 years survival was only 4,3 %). On the other hand, achievement of CR or PR prior SCT was a significant factor affecting long-term survival in patients < 55 years (estimated 3 years survival for SCT in CR/PR was 75% compared to only 36% for those with > 5% bone marrow blasts prior SCT). Our data support the usefulness of combination chemotherapy followed by SCT as an optimal treatment regimen for younger patient with advanced MDS. In future studies, combination chemotherapy followed by treatment with demethylating agents might be a promising approach to prolong survival in patients with advanced MDS who are not indicated for SCT.

Datum přednesení příspěvku: 10. 12. 2006