Impact of Complete Response on Survival with Either Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation or Conventional Chemotherapy: Results of a Pooled Analysis of 5 Phase III Trials in Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma Patients

Konference: 2015 57th ASH Annual Meeting - účast ČR

Kategorie: Mnohočetný myelom

Téma: 731. Clinical Autologous Transplantation: Results

Číslo abstraktu: 927

Autoři: Roberto Mina; MD Alessandra Larocca; M.D. Massimo Offidani; MD Sara Bringhen; MD Tommaso Caravita; MD Valeria Magarotto; MD Lucia Pantani; M.D. Francesco Di Raimondo; Prof. M.D. Alberto Bosi (1950-); Dott.ssa Iolanda Donatella Vincelli; Paola Tacchetti; MD Gianluca Gaidano, PhD; Sonia Grandi; prof. M.D. Caterina Musolino; M.D. Chiara Cerrato; Doc.MUDr. Luděk Pour, Ph.D.; Monica Astolfi; Dr. Giuseppe Rossi; MD Fausto Rossini; MD Maria Teresa Petrucci; Dr. Roberto Ria; Annalisa Pezzi; prof. MUDr. Roman Hájek, CSc.; MD Michele Cavo; MD Andrew Spencer; MD Mario Boccadoro; MD Antonio P. Palumbo

Introduction The introduction of novel agents in the treatment of Multiple Myeloma (MM) led to a significant improvement in the quality of response, increasing the number of patients able to achieve a complete response (CR). Several studies showed that the achievement of CR improved survival, both in young and elderly patients with newly diagnosed MM (NDMM). In this study we investigated the impact of CR on survival obtained with either autologous stem cell transplantation or conventional chemotherapy in NDMM patients.

Patients and Methods Data from NDMM patients enrolled in 5 phase III Italian trials were analysed. Three trials included patients eligible for autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT): RV-MM-209 (melphalan-prednisone-lenalidomide [MPR] vs high-dose melphalan [Mel200] and ASCT, followed by lenalidomide maintenance vs no maintenance), RV-MM-EMN-441 (cyclophosphamide-lenalidomide-dexamethasone vs Mel200-ASCT, followed by lenalidomide [R] versus lenalidomide-prednisone [RP] maintenance) and  MM-BO2005 (bortezomib-thalidomide-dexamethasone vs thalidomide-dexamethasone as induction/consolidation, followed by dexamethasone maintenance). The two remaining studies included elderly patients ineligible for ASCT: GIMEMA-MM0305 (bortezomib-melphalan-prednisone-thalidomide followed by bortezomib-thalidomide maintenance vs bortezomib-melphalan-prednisone) and EMN01 (MPR vs cyclophosphamide-prednisone-lenalidomide vs lenalidomide-dexamethasone, followed by R vs RP maintenance). The primary objective of the study was the evaluation of the impact of CR on overall-survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) and its relationship with age (young vs elderly patients) and type of treatment (ASCT vs conventional chemotherapy [CC])). Univariate and multivariate analyses of OS and PFS, including ISS, ASCT and type of novel agents used as induction treatment, were performed. Response was treated as a time-dependent variable. A landmark analysis was performed.

Results 2439 NDMM patients were evaluated; the best response was available in 2359 patients. 656 patients achieved a CR or better, whereas 1353 patients achieved a very good partial response (VGPR) or a partial response (PR), and were included in the analysis. After a median follow-up of 44 months,  the 5-year OS was 75% in CR patients as compared with 60% in VGPR/PR patients (HR 0.49, p<0.001), and 5-year PFS was 44% and 22% (HR 0.44, p<0.001), respectively.

Among CR patients, 383 were treated with ASCT and 273 with CC. A trend towards a better 5-year OS was reported in the ASCT group as compared with the CC group (79% vs 69%; HR 0.6,  p=0.09; Figure 1). A significant PFS advantage was observed among CR patients treated with ASCT in comparison with those who received CC (median, 59 vs 47 months; HR 0.54, p=0.008; Figure 2). No significant differences were observed between young and elderly CR patients treated with CC in terms of 5-year PFS (43% vs 41%; HR 0.9, p=0.5) and 5-year OS (73% vs 69%; HR 1.07, p=0.8).

In the multivariate analysis, ASCT confirmed to be an independent predictor of prolonged PFS in CR patients, with a trend towards longer OS, in comparison with CC.

Conclusions

ASCT induced deeper CR that translated into prolonged PFS and OS as compared with CC. No differences were noticed between young and elderly patients achieving a CR with CC.

Disclosures: Off Label Use: Use off-label of drugs for the dose and/or schedule and/or association. Larocca:Janssen-Cilag, Celgene: Honoraria . Offidani: Janssen-Cilag, Celgene, Sanofi, Amgen, Mundipharma: Honoraria .Bringhen: Merck Sharp & Dohme: Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees ; Onyx:Consultancy ; Janssen-Cilag, Celgene, Novartis: Honoraria . Caravita: Celgene: Honoraria . Di Raimondo: Janssen-Cilag, Celgene: Honoraria . Gaidano: Celgene: Research Funding ; Morphosys, Roche, Novartis, GlaxoSmith Kline, Amgen, Janssen, Karyopharm: Honoraria , Other: Advisory Boards . Petrucci: Celgene, Janssen-Cilag, Sanofi, Bristol-Myers Squibb: Honoraria . Ria: Italfarmaco: Honoraria ; Novartis: Honoraria ; Janssen-Cilag: Honoraria ;Celgene: Honoraria . Hajek: Celgene, Amgen: Consultancy , Honoraria ; Janssen-Cilag: Honoraria . Cavo: Janssen-Cilag, Celgene, Amgen, BMS: Honoraria . Boccadoro: Sanofi: Consultancy , Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees ; Celgene: Consultancy , Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees ; Onyx Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy , Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees ; Janssen-Cilag: Consultancy , Membership on an entity’s Board of Directors or advisory committees . Palumbo: Novartis, Sanofi Aventis: Honoraria ; Celgene, Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Amgen, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Genmab, Janssen-Cilag, Onyx Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy , Honoraria .

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Datum přednesení příspěvku: 7. 12. 2015